Maximilien Luce (French, 1858-1941) Pencil and charcoal drawing of a shop with goods along the coast line of northern France. A cat can be seen looking at a man far off at the entrance.
Titled: “Un magasin dans le marais”
Charcoal with graphite on card
Card Dimensions: 10.4 x 13.85 inches (26.4 x 35.2 cm)
Framed: 14 X 18 inches
Signed lower right: Luce
Debossed lower right: Maximilien Luce / D-
Inscribed on the reverse: Un magasan dans le marais / dessin prépare foire
Provenance: Private collection, Miami Beach, Florida.
Denise Bazetoux has kindly confirmed the authenticity of this work.
Maximilien Luce (13 March 1858 – 6 February 1941) was a prolific French Neo-impressionist artist, known for his paintings, illustrations, engravings, and graphic art, and also for his anarchist activism. Starting as an engraver, he then concentrated on painting, first as an Impressionist, then as a Pointillist, and finally returning to Impressionism.
Maximilien-Jules-Constant Luce was born on 13 March 1858 in Paris. His parents, of modest means, were Charles-Désiré Luce (1823–1888), a railway clerk, and Louise-Joséphine Dunas (1822–1878). The family lived in the Montparnasse, a working-class district of Paris. Luce attended school at l’Ecole communale, beginning in 1864.
In 1872, the fourteen-year-old Luce became an apprentice with wood-engraver Henri-Théophile Hildebrand (1824–1897). During his three-year xylography apprenticeship, he also took night classes in drawing from instructors Truffet and Jules-Ernest Paris (1827–1895). During this period, Luce started painting in oils. He moved with his family to the southern Paris suburb of Montrouge. His art education continued as he attended drawing classes taught by Diogène Maillard (1840–1926) at the Gobelins tapestry factory.
Luce began working in the studio of Eugène Froment (1844–1900) in 1876, producing woodcut prints for various publications, including L’Illustration and London’s The Graphic. He took additional art courses, at l’Académie Suisse, and also in the studio of portrait painter Carolus-Duran (1837–1917). Through Froment’s studio, Luce became friends with Léo Gausson and Émile-Gustave Cavallo-Péduzzi. These three artists spent time around Lagny-sur-Marne creating Impressionist landscapes.